A friend of mine has inspired me to write down and post about my trip to Cambodia; and one of the visit was to Tonle Sap lake.
Tonlé Sap, tonle literally means large river and sap means fresh, not salty; it is commonly translated to "Great Lake".
Tonlé Sap Lake and an attached river stretched 120 km long Tonlé Sap River, that connects the lake to the Mekong River. It is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, that contains an exceptional large variety of interconnected eco-regions with a high degree of biodiversity is a biodiversity hotspot and was designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1997.
Fields of lotus, a view while driving towards Tonle Sap
The Tonle Sap form the central part of a complex hydrological system, situated in the 12,876 km2 Cambodian floodplain covered with a mosaic of natural and agricultural habitats that the Mekong replenishes with water and sediments annually. The central plain formation is the result of millions of years of Mekong alluvial deposition and discharge. From a geological perspective, the Tonlé Sap Lake and Tonlé Sap River are a current freeze-frame representation of the slowly, but ever shifting Lower Mekong Basin. Annual fluctuation of the Mekong's water volume, supplemented by the Asian Monsoon regime causes the unique flow reversal of the Tonle Sap River.
The lake's size, length and water volume varies considerably over the course of a year from an area of around 2,500 km2 , a volume of 1 km3 and a length of 160 km at the end of the dry season in late April to an area of up to 16,000 km2 , a volume of 80 km3 and a length of 250 km as the Mekong maximum and the peak of the South-West monsoon's precipitation culminate in September and early October.
The area is home to many ethnic Vietnamese and numerous Cham communities, living in floating villages around the lake. Approximately 1.2 million people living in the greater Tonle sap make their living by fishing on the local waters. Cambodia produces about 400,000 tonnes of freshwater fish per year, the majority of which comes from Tonle sap. These fisheries account for 16 percent of national GDP, making the fish industry not only essential to the diet of local populations but to the Cambodian economy as a whole.
The water company, people queque to pay for their bills
Floating church on Tonle Sap
shopping in the mini market for food donation to the orphans
home of the orphans
mini garden corner
a Vietnamese kid with his tamed python snake on a pan as a boat, to take a picture will cost varied from $1 - $10
After we returned from the lake, we are going back to the center of Siem Reap but not before we visited the Roluos Group temple...
Roluos is a Cambodian modern small town and an archeological site about 13 km east of Siem Reap along NH6. Once it was the seat of Hariharalaya, first capital of Khmer Empire north of Tonlé Sap (as the first capital in the strict sense of the term could have been Indrapura, identifiable with Banteay Prey Nokor.
Among the "Roluos Group" of temples there are some of the earliest permanent structures built by Khmer. They mark the beginning of classical period of Khmer civilization, dating from the late 9th century. Some were totally built with bricks, others partially with laterite or sandstone (the first large angkorian temple built with sandstone was possibly Ta Keo)
At present it is composed by three major temples: Bakong, Lolei, and Preah Ko, along with tiny Prasat Prei Monti. At both Bakong and Lolei there are contemporary Theravada buddhist monasteries.
thank you all for stopping by and viewing the post...